|Moussa OUATTARA, Memory and Catharsis in Octavia E. Butler’s Kindred|
Memory and Catharsis in Octavia E. Butler’s Kindred
Université Péléforo Gon Coulibaly de Korhogo
Abstract: The writer, from the approach of committed literature, should take part in social and political struggles, crises and tragedies of his time. Thus, for the tragedies that have marked the history of mankind, the female American writer Octavia E. Butler thinks that she should not remain indifferent to the traumatic and devastating effects of slavery on mankind, and particularly on the African-Americans today. Therefore, she chooses to present this human tragedy from an angle that is sometimes real and sometimes imaginary. Through Kindred, for the duty of remembrance, Butler exposes an America beset by vicissitudes of that tragedy while creating the conditions of both traumatic memory and forgiveness by means of catharsis. This article will apply the theory of new historicism to analyze how Butler narrates the pathetic history of slaves in America through the neo-slave narrative.