|Tra BI GOH THEODORE, In Search of a Method: Towards Voicing in Amos Tutuola’s The Palm-Wine Drinkard|
In Search of a Method: Towards Voicing in Amos Tutuola’s The Palm-Wine Drinkard
Tra BI GOH THEODORE
Felix Houphouet Boigny University
Oral Literature now proves to be a sine qua nun discipline in African school curricula design.
It includes all oral genres such as ballads, chants, chronicles, genealogies, hymns,
incantations, laments, legends, lullabies, myths, praises, prayers, proverbs, riddles,
storytelling, nursery rhyme, etc. Grounded in tradition with the absence of alphabetical
writing system, these oral materials prove to be a highly specialized form of speaking in that
they have more rhythm, more balance, more mimicry, and more formulas. People belonging
to oral cultures perform their (hi)stories without writing, but rely on devices that support their
memory. Because the performance of oral material conceals a style that does not rely on paper
support to recall information, it demonstrates speaking in a more disciplined and intense form:
it is ‘aural-oral’ (spoken and heard) and ‘gestural-visual’ (performed corporeal-manually and
seen in performance).